Reflection– 50 Years of Head Start
Traci Dalton, Head Start State Collaboration Director
As I reflected on what I would like to highlight about collaboration, my mind kept thinking of the 50 years of Head Start services that have touched the lives of children and families nationwide. In reviewing some information, I ran across a speech President Lyndon Johnson gave in 1965 about the Head Start Project. His words struck me as a reminder of how Head Start has grown over the last 5 decades yet maintain the original mission and vision of the program and that collaboration has always been, and remains, at the heart of Head Start. Below I am providing a complete copy of the President Lyndon Johnson 1965 speech I read to inspire each of us continue the important work of serving children and families through collaboration.
Lyndon B Johnson XXXVI President of the United States: 1963-1969
259 – Remarks on Project Head Start. May 18, 1965
Mr. Shriver, ladies and gentlemen, distinguished guests: On this beautiful spring day it is good to be outside in the Rose Garden. Of course, the White House is a place where when you go outside you are still inside.
In that same vein, I would note that the Rose Garden is a garden without roses today, and the Fish Room is now a room without fish. But there is one compensation–open nearly any door here in the West Wing and you are liable to run into Sargent Shriver, and sometimes you will find him in more than one room at the same time.
This is a very proud occasion for him and for us today, because it was less than 3 months ago that we opened a new war front on poverty. We set out to make certain that poverty’s children would not be forevermore poverty’s captives. We called our program Project Head Start.
The program was conceived not so much as a Federal effort but really as a neighborhood effort, and the response we have received from the neighborhoods and the communities has been most stirring and the most enthusiastic of any peacetime program that I can remember.
Today we are able to announce that we will have open, and we believe operating this summer, coast-to-coast, some 2,000 child development centers serving as many as possibly a half million children.
This means that nearly half the preschool children of poverty will get a head start on their future. These children will receive preschool training to prepare them for regular school in September. They will get medical and dental attention that they badly need, and parents will receive counseling on improving the home environment.
This is a most remarkable accomplishment and it has been done in a very short time. It would not be possible except for the willing and the enthusiastic cooperation of Americans throughout the country.
I believe this response reflects a realistic and a wholesome awakening in America. It shows that we are recognizing that poverty perpetuates itself.
Five and six year old children are inheritors of poverty’s curse and not its creators. Unless we act these children will pass it on to the next generation, like a family birthmark.
This program this year means that 30 million man-years–the combined life span of these youngsters–will be spent productively and rewardingly, rather than wasted in tax-supported institutions or in welfare-supported lethargy.
I believe that this is one of the most constructive, and one of the most sensible, and also one of the most exciting programs that this Nation has ever undertaken. I don’t say that just because the most ardent and most active and most enthusiastic supporter of this program happens to be the honorary national chairman, Mrs. Johnson.
We have taken up the age-old challenge of poverty and we don’t intend to lose generations of our children to this enemy of the human race.
This program, like so many others, will succeed in proportion as it is supported by voluntary assistance and understanding from all of our people. So we are going to need a million good neighbors–volunteers–who will give their time for a few hours each week caring for these children, helping in a hundred ways to draw out their potentials. We need housewives and coeds. We need teachers and doctors. We need men and women of all walks and all interests to lend their talents, their warmth, their hands, and their hearts.
The bread that is cast upon these waters will surely return many thousandfold.
What a sense of achievement, and what great pride, and how happy that will make all of us who love America feel about this undertaking.
Note: The President spoke at 12:20 p.m. in the Rose Garden at the White House. In his opening words he referred to Sargent Shriver, Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity.
On the same day the White House made the following announcement:
“President Johnson announced today that 2,500 Head Start projects which will reach about 530,000 children of the poor this summer in 11,000 Child Development Centers will be operated as part of the War on Poverty in every state in the Union. The program will cost $112 million.
“The President made public the first 1,676 projects approved. They involve 9,508 centers at which 375,842 children will be given special training at a total cost of $65,686,741. The remainder will be announced within two weeks.
“The centers will provide pre-school training to prepare youngsters to enter regular school in the Fall.
“President Johnson said the program will ‘rescue these children from the poverty which otherwise could pursue them all their lives. The project is designed to put them on an even footing with their classmates as they enter school.’
“The Project will use the services of 41,000 professionals, including teachers, doctors, dentists, nurses, etc. More than 47,000 poor will be employed. As many as 500,000 part-time volunteers will be needed. Local contributions will be $16 million.
“President Johnson emphasized that the program–administered by Sargent Shriver, Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity–is aimed to achieve the following:
“–Include one-half of all the children of the poor reaching school age this Fall.”
“–Strike at the basic cause of poverty. ”
“–Assist the parents as well as the children. ”
“–Assist children to face life. ”
“–Treat known defects among the half million children, including 100,000 with eye difficulties; 50,000 with partial deafness; 30,000 with nutritional deficiencies; 75,000 with no immunizations.”
The President noted that the response of the communities to the invitation to submit proposals was so great the size of the program had been multiplied. At the outset, local projects involving $17 million and 100,000 children were anticipated.
“Forty-nine percent of all applications are from rural areas. In West Virginia every county will be represented in the program. Of the 300 counties in the Nation having the largest number of poor families, 261 will operate projects under the program. ”
“The President congratulated the many thousands of civic leaders, businessmen, educators, housewives, labor leaders, welfare workers, minority group leaders and representatives of the poor who together developed the local projects to meet the high standards imposed by national planning groups.”
Citation: Lyndon B. Johnson: “Remarks on Project Head Start.,” May 18, 1965. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=26973.